The 64 square mile land area that forms the Lynnhaven’s watershed is home to half of Virginia Beach’s residents. This densely populated region of the city feeds polluted storm water to the Lynnhaven River reducing water quality and closing portions of the river to shell fish harvest.
Bordered by the Chesapeake Bay on the north and the Altantic Ocean on the East.
Extends as far as Green Run to the south and Town Center to the west in the heart of Virginia Beach.
Lynnhaven River and tributaries (Broad Bay, Linkhorn Bay; Eastern and western branches): brackish water.
Salinity levels are higher near the Lynnhaven Inlet, where all 3 branches meet.
Lakes in Pembroke Meadows are fed by an underground spring.
Presumably, the Lynnhaven river was a long narrow estuary whose original opening was only at Little Creek. Seine-haulers dug a canal across a sand dune to create a path that was later widened by water rushing through.
Between 1937 and 2009 approximately 214 acres of tidal marsh were converted to open water. A similar trend is seen in Broad Bay and Linkhorn Bay. Another trend is the damming of tidal creeks to create small lakes or ponds. Approximately 202 acres of conversion took place.
The Lynnhaven River watershed is formed by the Tabb Formation of upper Pleistocene age. It was likely deposited during the last major high stand of sea level that extended from approximately 135,000 to 75,000 years ago.
The Lynnhaven River, named by Adam Thoroughgood, is one of the most historically significant waterways in Virginia. Native Americans and early settlers used it for food and transportation. They also sited their property along its shores in appreciation of its beauty. Our work to protect and restore the legendary Lynnhaven started in this watershed.
Originally settled by Indigenous Peoples of the Chesapeake that hunted and fished around this area. Believed to be exterminated around 1612 by chief Powhatan.
When John Smith arrived the water was so clear he could see 60 feet below the water’s surface.
1585-6 John White and Thomas Hariot ventured into the Lynnhaven river and documented life with the Chesapeans. Two cities between the branches of the river.
Ferry Plantation House 1830, also 3rd Courthouse (built 1735)
Farm land, mill, strawberry fields, flax for clothing
Ferry Man -Savill Gaskins hired in 1642 by Adam Thoroughgood to operate the ferry in the Western Branch of the Lynnhaven River, Carried people, goods and animals
No regular Ferry schedule. I was summoned by firing a small cannon placed at every point along the river.
Old Donation Episcopal Church (1736)- site of 2nd courthouse and also jail-held Grace Sherwood
Morning Star Baptist Church (1892)-started for local black children and later expanded to adults
Haygood United Methodist Church Oliver Chapel (1896)
Adam Thoroughgood House(1680)
Lynnhaven House (1725)
Frances Land House
VB short history including the Battle of the Capes offshore
Bayside History Trail (1999) leads to 10 historically significant sites
Lesner Bridge originally a drawbridge (1928)
Willis furniture complex was TB hospital (Tidewater Victory Memorial Hospital.)Later became Army barracks and then part of Camp Ashby- German Prisoner of war camp in WW II. Between 1944-1946 it housed 6,000 prisoners
SUSTAINABLE YARDS PROGRAM: Let us help you “green” your Lynnhaven watershed home. This unique program provides specific stormwater management practices to your yard at a significantly reduced cost to you.