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Bay Coastal Watershed
About
Characteristic
Information
Source
Location
  • Shoreline in this area is the Chesapeake Bay.
  • This area includes Small Coastal West and Small Coastal East subwatersheds in Virginia Beach.
  1. pg. 112 Figure 1
Size
Population Density
  • Densely populated
  • 1.
Land Use (urban/rural)
  • Mostly federal and state 
  • Some commercial 
  1. Land Use p 8. Figure 2
Topography
Names of Federal or State Properties
  • Joint Expeditionary Base-Fort Story
  • First Landing State Park
Major Bodies of Water and Salinity
  • Chesapeake Bay 
  • ~ 20-30ppt
Tides
  • Lunar Tidal
Recreation Areas (access points, natural areas, parks)
  • Public beach access

Flora and Fauna

The Bay Coastal watershed boasts some of the most biologically diverse waterways in the country. Tropical and semi-tropical plants thrive here along with temperate plants.

Characteristic
Information
Source
Plants of Interest
  • Trees: Dogwood, live oak, beech, holly, loblolly pine, persimmon
  • prickly-pear cactus: a fleshy edible fruit sometimes used to make jelly. This plant stores large quantities of water in their stems. The large, fleshy parts of the plant are actually the stems while the prickly spines are the leaves.
  • yucca plant: A member of the lily family; sword-shaped leaves; Symbiotic relationship exists between the yucca plant and the tiny yucca moth.
  • Huckleberry

Animals of Interest

Crabs, Finfish & Shellfish

  • Blue Crab (Market Names: hard-shell crab, soft-shell crab)
  • Spot, Striped Bass (aka rockfish, striper, bass, linesides)
  • Croaker (Also known as the “talking fish”, croakers emit a croaking sound, both in the water and when caught.)
  • Black Sea Bass (aka rock bass, blackfish, sea bass, tallywag)
  • Bluefish (Market Names: tailor, snapper
  • Summer Flounder (Market Names: fluke, northern fluke, plaice)
  • Shellfish (aquatic invertebrates belonging to phylum mollusca): Eastern Oyster or American Oyster, Sea Scallops, Hard Clam, Channeled Whelk (Market Names: conch, scungilli)

Birds

  • Brown Pelican, Belted Kingfisher, Bufflehead, Common Loon, DBL-Crested Cormorant, Hooded Merganser, Laughing Gull, Ring-Billed Gull, Royal Tern, Barn Swallows

Other

  • Bottlenose dolphins, horseshoe crab, fiddler crab, stingray, jellyfish, skate, sea turtles
Soil Characteristics
  • sandy soil

Background Information
Characteristic
Information
Source
History
  • Cape Henry Second Tower Light Station- Virginia Landmark 

-The Cape Henry Lighthouse was built in 1792 and was the first public works project of the new United States of America government 

-Lighthouse development plans began in the colonial period but were never executed. 

  • Cape Henry development: 

-late nineteenth century 

-1873 United States Weather Bureau Observation Center established. 

-1874 United States Life Saving Station 

-1881 new lighthouse built and became operational in place of the nearly century old beacon. 

-1890s land was bought by a group of investors. 

-Early 1900s: Resort area was becoming increasingly popular

-Small community of frame cottages 

  • In late October, 1792, Laban Goffigan of Norfolk lit the fish oil-burning lamps of the new Cape Henry Lighthouse for the first time.
  1. pg. 212 National Register of Historic Places Sites Figure 1. pg. 205
  1. pg. 207

The Beach: A History of Virginia Beach 1998

Threats
  • Flooding

  • Sea-level rise
  • Erosion

  • Algal blooms, sometimes referred to as a “red tide”: cluster of algae that forms when the water around it is warm, slow-moving and full of nutrients. (CDC, 2021)
Advocacy/Voting/Policy

1.https://www.vbgov.com/government/departments/planning/2016ComprehensivePlan/Documents/Technical%20Report__Final%20Adopted_2016.pdf 

2. https://www.visitvirginiabeach.com/blog/post/americas-first-lighthouse-the-story-of-the-cape-henry-lighthouse/

3. http://www.virginiaseafood.org/

4. https://www.vims.edu/test/dlm/critters/birds/index.php

HOW YOU CAN HELP THE ENVIRONMENT
PEARL HOMES & NEIGHBORHOODS

PEARL HOMES are places where people care about our environment and want to do what they can to help protect our resources.

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PEARL BUSINESSES

PEARL BUSINESSES are essential to truly move towards a more sustainable Virginia Beach and cleaner waters.

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PEARL FAITH

We all want to do our part to restore the health of all of our sacred waterways and protect them for future generations to enjoy.

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SUSTAINABLE YARDS PROGRAM

SUSTAINABLE YARDS PROGRAM: Let us help you “green” your Lynnhaven watershed home. This unique program provides specific stormwater management practices to your yard at a significantly reduced cost to you.

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