Far southwest corner of the city.
Size (shoreline and acreage drained)
2,142 acres, 1.1% of city
Total watershed is 140,00 acres in VA and NC
Discharges into Currituck Sound
Only 1% is in VB
Very low population density.
Land Use (urban/rural)
The Northwest River Watershed is not heavily developed.
Of its 66,437 acres, less than one percent of the area, 3,554 acres, is in residential or commercial development.
Farming and agriculture use about twenty-five percent of the area, or 16,527 acres.
The remaining 46,356 acres is either wetlands or unmanaged forest lands.
% Owned by State or Federal
Names of Federal or State properties
Major Bodies of Water and Salinity
Northwest River-primary water supply for the city of Chesapeake.
Mostly freshwater, dependent on wind tides.
Recreation Areas (access points, natural areas, parks)
Northwest River Park in Chesapeake.
Several sites along Indian Creek Road off Battlefield Blvd. South
Listed along with North Landing River and Back Bay as having the highest concentration of rare plants and animal species east of the Blue Ridge Mtn.
Old mans beard
Grey green fungi
Urban Tree Canopy
Scattered examples of mature upland forest
Non-riverine swamp forest
Water tupelo/bald cypress swamp
Tidal shrub swamp
Important wildlife corridor, linking the Dismal Swamp to Back Bay and North Landing River Preserve.
Canebrake rattlesnake- endangered
Frequented by black bears
Western part has good farming soil.
Climate Change over time will create the possibility of ghost forests in the future.
Landward movement of marshes/swamps.
The North Landing River was originally called the North River. The Northwest River was named to differentiate from the North River. The settlers that settled this watershed were from North Carolina, coming up from the Albemarle Sound.
Currituck Inlet was open to the Ocean across from Knotts Island and there is commerce into the southern part of Virginia Beach (then known as Princess Anne County) Civil War and the advent of the RR and the canals connected this part with the rest of VB
Cypress tree logging for shake singles and fence pickets
Part of the Albemarle/Pamlico watershed.
Majority of the watershed is in Chesapeake.
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