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Little Creek Watershed
General Information
Characteristic
Information
Source
Location
  • Northwestern part of the city of Virginia Beach.
  • Bayside 
  • Third Precinct 
  • VBgov City Map
    Comprehensive Plan. page 112
  • See 1 page. 187 figure 5
Size
  • 8,875 acres 4.6% of the city
  • See 1. Page 112
Population Density
Land Use (Urban/Rural)
  • Majority Federal and State
  • Some industrial, multi-family and commercial

1.pg 119 Figure 5

% owned by the state or federal
  • Majority owned by State and Federal 
Names of Federal or State properties
  • Joint Expeditionary Base-Little Creek
Major Bodies of Water
  • Lake Joyce (drains into the Lynnhaven)
  • Little Creek Reservoir
  • Lake Smith
  • Lake Lawson
    (All three are owned and managed by the city of Norfolk. This manmade reservoir system helps supply water to residents in Norfolk, Virginia Beach, and parts of Chesapeake)
  • Chub Lake Drains into:
  • Lake Bradford
Salinity
  • Little Creek Reservoir, Lake Smith, Lake Lawson – Freshwater 
Tides
  • Lunar tidal wedland & 
  • Non tidal wetland 
  • See 1. page 143, Figure 18
Threats
  • Erosion, flooding, sea-level rise 
  • High flood risk due to both nature based and build systems working in tandem. 
  • See 4. page 4
Recreation Areas (access points, natural areas, parks)
Other
  • This sub-watershed is designated by the City as a bird sanctuary and conservation area. 
  • VB City Code Section 5-31 
Flora and Fauna

Characteristic
Information
Source
Plants of Interest
  • Mountain laurel, Bald cypress, Magnolia.
Mountain laurel
Animals of Interest
  • Egret, northern watersnakes, Bald eagle, Osprey  
  • Fish – walleye, largemouth bass, redear sunfish, blue catfish, pickerel, catfish, bowfin, bream/bluegill, crappie and striped bass. 
  • 1.
  • See 3. Hook & Bullet
Urban Tree Canopy
Wetlands

2. Section 6. page 71

Other Organisms
  • Oysters – Little Creek Cove
Background Information

The Little Creek watershed is one of the more altered watersheds in Virginia Beach. Before the military base and reservoir systems existed, this sub-watershed once mirrored much of how the Lynnhaven River system works today. 

Characteristic
Information
Source
History
  • The Amphibious Training Base at  Little Creek constructed in 1942; Became operational in 1943
  • See 1. page 209
Misc.
  • One of the two wastewater Treatment Plants (WWTP) owned by HRSD is in the Little Creek Watershed. The Chesapeake-Elizabeth WWTP has a treatment capacity of 24 million gallons of water per day.
  • One of 4 major aquifers providing both fresh and brackish groundwater to the South Hampton Roads area (includes City of VB) is located in the Little Creek Watershed. 
  • See 1. page 193
  • See 1. page 115

Sources:

  1. https://www.vbgov.com/government/departments/planning/2016ComprehensivePlan/Documents/Technical%20Report__Final%20Adopted_2016.pdf
  2. https://scholarworks.wm.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1681&context=reports
  3. https://www.hookandbullet.com/fishing-little-creek-reservoir-norfolk-va/\
  4. https://storymaps.arcgis.com/stories/bfa2c093067143e09de3cc577bc2d484
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